Every summer millions of people are exposed to extremely high temperatures that can lead to overheating of the body. Overheating the body can manifest as heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
The heat exhaustion occurs more frequently and the body temperature is between 37-40⁰C.
If warmth exhaustion is not treated, the condition worsens and there is heat stroke.
During heat stroke the body temperature is above 40⁰S including appearance of delirium, convulsions and coma.
What Is Heatstroke And Why Occurs?
The human body normally has the ability to maintain a constant temperature inside the body.
If the capacity to maintain normal temperature is exceeded, the heat load occurs: at high temperatures overheating (hyperthermia) of the organism.
Final degree of overheating of the body is heat stroke.
What Are The Risk Factors For Development Heatstroke?
When exposed to high temperature, anyone can develop heat stroke.
However, higher risk have:
– Infants and children up to 4 years;
– Persons over 65 years;
– People with chronic diseases (diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, lung disease, metabolic syndrome);
– People who consume certain drugs (tricyclic antidepressants, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, diuretics, laxatives, etc.).
Symptoms And Signs During Heatstroke:
– Body temperature above 40⁰S;
– The absence of sweat;
– Dry and hot skin;
– Muscle cramps;
– Chest tightness;
– Rapid pulse;
– Confusion and disorientation;
– Loss of consciousness;
How To Prevent Heatstroke ?
Consume sufficient quantity of water at least 2 liters per day.
Wear a hat and light clothing.
If you have to perform physical activity at high temperature, let the first body to adapt to the environment.
Do not leave a person (especially a child) in a closed car parked in the sun.
How To Help Person Suffering From Heatstroke?
Take the following steps to help a person suffering from heat stroke:
Move the person to a room with a lower temperature.
If you are outdoors, under the sun, and it is not possible, provide a place where the person will be of direct exposure to sunlight.
Take off his clothes.
Cool the body. For this purpose, you can use everything you have on hand: cold water, ice packs, towels soaked in cold water, garden hose with cold water and others. For faster cooling of the body, put ice packs or towels soaked in cold water, in the groin, armpits and neck.
Immediately call an ambulance so the appropriate person gets further medical treatment.
Caution! Heat stroke is a serious medical condition which if not treated in time, can be fatal.